is Central America affected? Basically
El Niño affects Central
America in three ways: Warming of surface waters (1 to 4 meters) along
the entire Pacific seaboard and slight rise of water levels along this same
seaboard; very pronounced reduction of rains along the Central American pacific
seaboard; and more abundant rains along the Caribbean seaboard, particularly in
the southern parts of the Isthmus.
Regional Action Plan to Face and Mitigate the Effects of "El Niño"
This action plan was established within the
framework of the “Regional Plan for Reduction of Disasters” (PRRD), by
resolution # 26 of the reunion of presidents of SICA,
in Guatemala, 1993. It consists of
thee aspects: regional strategy, regional sectoral strategies, and national
de la Región The “Report on the State of the Region” has been written
by the authors of the project of “Reports on Human Development for the
Consolidation of Democracy and Peace in Central America”.
This initiative was funded jointly by the United
Nations Development Program’s (UNDP) Regional Bureau for Latin America and
the Caribbean, and the European Union’s
Programme for Democratization and Human Rights.
This report assesses the degree of preparedness of countries and regions
for regional integration, as the means to achieve sustainable development in
of the Report on the State of the Region
General Table of Contents
Data About the Region
Population Grows Quickly
Improve, but Extensive Poverty Persists
with Different Degrees of Regional Linkage
Access to Education and Health Services
Among Social Groups
in Business Climates
Between the Central American Pacific and the Caribbean
Challenge of Sustainable Human Development
§ Costa Rica
§ Satellite image (NASA) 10/28/98
§ Reconstruction Project
of the Central American Presidents, 11/10/98
of the Group of Stockholm Representatives of the Central American countries
and of donor countries, as well as multilateral institutions of financial and
technical cooperation convened in Stockholm between 25-28 May to discuss the
process of reconstruction and transformation of Central America, following the
disaster caused by hurricane Mitch. Sweden
hosted this meeting, organized by the IDB.
de Acción Sector Salud “Action Plan, Health Sector” is based on
resolution of the Directive Council of OPS/OMS: CD40.R13, “Health Preparations
for Disasters Caused by El Niño and the Recommendations of the Central American
Workshop for El Niño and its Impact on Health”, held between 3-5 November,
1997 in San José, Costa Rica. It
argues that El Niño is no longer just a hydro-meteorological phenomenon, and
has become a major hazard. This
report calls for the organization of a joint response group integrated by
organizations that deal with natural disasters.
It also recommends to get the population involved, and all technical and
Coordinated by CEPREDENAC
y Sistematización de FEMID Documentation and
Systematization of FEMID.
de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana en Comunidades y Zonas de Alto Riesgo
of Early Alert Systems in Communities and Areas of High Risk” promotes the
strengthening of local structures for preparation and mitigation of disasters,
through the promotion of technical capacity, organization, coordination, and
management of national and local coordinating organizations through trial
projects selected in each country.
de Estructuras Locales en Tareas de Mitigación de Desastres
“Strengthening of Local Structures for Tasks of Mitigation of Disasters”
seeks to strengthen local structures in the fields of reparation and mitigation
of natural disasters.
de Desastres en Centro América “Preparation
Against Earthquakes and Mitigation of Earthquake Danger in Central America.
1996-2000” seeks to promote the technical capacity of national and regional
organizations for analysis of threat, prevention, and mitigation of earthquakes.
de Desastres en Centro América “Mitigation of
Disasters in Central America” is a special fund created for priority projects
of prevention/mitigation and strengthening of the capacity of national
institutions and of CEPREDENAC (1999-2002).
de Acción Regional “Regional Action
Program”. This project, funded by UNESCO,
the government of The Netherlands, and CEPREDENAC, for the period 1999 – 2003,
seeks to develop technical capacity for reduction of natural disasters caused by
flooding, landslides, earthquakes, and volcanoes.
Nacionales Sistemas Alerta Temprana en Fase Final 1995-1999 “National
Projects Systems of Early Alert in Final Phase 1995-1999”.
Funds of Projects of Mitigation of multi/threat, through the
establishment of SAT, education, divulgation, etc.
Para la Prevención de Desastres Subsidy for
Prevention of Disasters. Fund for
priority projects of mitigation and prevention.
Activities In the
institutional scheme of the Central American Integration System (SICA) the
regional sector organizations have identified different strategies and
Joint Disaster Response and Recovery Mission to Central America Following his visit to the region, the UN Under Secretary General for
Humanitarian Affairs, Sergio Vieira de Mello, recommended the fielding of an
inter-agency mission to the four countries most seriously affected by the
combination of a phenomenon of horrendous proportions, and extreme poverty,
environmental degradation and poor disaster response resources.
This is the outcome of this Mission, whose objectives were: to produce,
both an assessment of UN system coordination
in responding to the emergency, and guidelines on how the preparedness and
response capacities of the system can be further improved; to identify
additional resources required by UN Country Teams for them to further support,
develop, streamline, manage and monitor assistance activities during the current
rehabilitation and recovery phase; and to present a set of proposals ensuring
the integration of disaster reduction components in current, forthcoming and
future recovery, reconstruction and development programmes.